North West University - school image
North West University

There is an urgent need in South Africa (and globally) for computer scientists and information technologists. The different programmes in the School of Computer Science and Information Systems (SCSIS) aim to equip students with applicable expertise and skills in Computer Science and Information Systems. <p></p> The goal is to provide our students with knowledge and skills of modern and relevant programming languages, phases of a relevant system development life cycle (SDLC), database techniques and technologies, IT project planning and management techniques, and human-computer interface design. Students are educated in the ethical aspects of system planning and development to make a professional contribution to the IT industry. <mark>Students are expected to have knowledge and understanding of the value of information in enterprises and the technical functioning and processing of information sources, to make a meaningful contribution to strategic decision-making and management of information systems.</mark> <p></p> With the skills that the student acquired through successful completion of these qualifications, he/she will also be equipped and eligible to continue with postgraduate studies in the field of Computer Science and Information Systems at NQF level 8, thus either a BSc Honours degree or a Postgraduate Diploma in cognate fields.

STADIO - school image

This qualification addresses the human resource development needs of the country. There is a growing need for graduates with a qualification in web development & associated digital multimedia information design. <p></p> This programme will equip students with knowledge of the most current industry standard & cutting edge web development technologies, including web-based marketing, enabling students to become part of one of the fastest growing sectors of the creative industry. It relates closely to the knowledge economy where all individuals, companies & organisations depend on information for effective decision-making. The programme was designed around fundamental, conceptual & applied competence in this context. <p></p> <mark>At the exit point students will be able to design websites including interactive designs & multimedia. A large portion of the programme consists of coding including developing in HTML, CSS, JavaScript, ASP.NET & PHP. Students will acquire knowledge of Mobile App development & database-supported web applications. </mark> Students will graduate with a cutting edge portfolio which will reward them with an excellent career in online/web-based communication. Career opportunities are extensive given that computer-based information systems are almost universal. Graduates are likely to find employment as a Website & Applications Developer, Games Developer, SEO Specialist, Social Media Manager, & many more.

University of Mpumalanga - school image
University of Mpumalanga

The purpose of this qualification (Advanced Diploma ICT in Applications Development) is to provide learners with a career-focused professional qualification featuring advanced industry referenced computing knowledge, technological competencies and soft skills. Students will be knowledgeable and competent in the discourse and practice of the ICT discipline. Students will also have advanced specialist knowledge of computer applications development. This will involve effective application development skills in the creation of software applications that are critical for organisational competitiveness in the fourth industrial revolution. <p></p> Upon completion of this qualification, graduates will have an ability to: <br>- Develop ICT solutions that are aligned to the business strategies. <br>- <mark>Analyse a problem and identify and define the technology requirements appropriate to its solution.</mark> <br>- Develop applied and cognitive competences in the acquisition, interpretation and application of ICT principles. <br>- Apply knowledge of technology appropriate to the discipline. - Design, implement and evaluate an applications development system, process, component and program to meet desired needs. <br>- Function effectively on teams to accomplish a common goal. <br>- Understand professional, ethical, legal, security and social issues and responsibilities. <br>- Communicate effectively with a range of audiences. <br>- Analyse the local and global impact of ICT on individuals, organizations, and society. <br>- Use and apply current technical concepts and practices in the creation of information technology solutions. <br>- Understand best practices and standards and their application in applications development.

Sol Plaatje University - school image
Sol Plaatje University

BSc Honours in Computer Science programme supports the development of research skills and creative interventions in the fields of software engineering, design and analyses of algorithms, security and cryptography, and machine learning. <mark>Excellency in these fields is heavily integrated in the development of most large scale enterprise systems in demand today.</mark> It is, thus, important that more computer scientists be trained by way of a BSc Honours in Computer Science

Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University - school image
Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University

The department has since established links with keen industry players. We are an academy for CISCO, HUAWEI, ORACLE, and IBM South Africa. In addition, we make use of software products widely used in the job market, the likes of ORACLE and Microsoft Suite. This has enabled us to <mark>incorporate industry specific modules into our academic offering necessitating a student to have certification from the respective companies upon completion at SMU, hence giving the student competitive edge over peers from other Universities in the country as well as abroad when seeking employment.</mark> We strive to continue with such relationships because of the employment benefits it brings to our graduates in building our community and nation. <p></p> In response to the call by the national government to produce more ICT graduates, the department is embarking on introducing a standalone programme in Computer Science & Information Technology at the undergraduate level to feed into the post graduate programmes. That work has already begun with the new PQM application expected to serve before all University structures and further submission to DHET early this year 2021. This certainly will see further tremendous growth in the department as well as student enrollment.

Central University of Technology, Free State - school image
Central University of Technology, Free State

CUT is the foremost higher education institution in the heartland of South Africa. The university has two campuses – one in Bloemfontein, the judicial capital of South Africa, and one in Welkom, in the heart of the Free State goldfields. <mark>The two campuses offer education opportunities in a number of technological fields, including science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM);</mark> management sciences; humanities; and education. <p></p> It prepares students for research (including academic), managerial and technical careers in the field of IT. As such, MIT is more inclined to serve the needs of students who either ultimately plan to continue their Masters or are simply interested in performing research. <p></p> The world is increasingly becoming a global village, with Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) playing a fundamental role in our day-to-day lives. South Africa, like other countries, realises that ICTs can indeed bring about positive change in its socio-economic development. CUT’s contribution to this national agenda is realised through diploma, BTech and MTech programmes offered in the Department of IT. Through these programmes, <mark>the university contributes to the ever-increasing demand for a wide range of highly skilled information technology professionals in fields such as web applications, communication networks and software development. The department is particularly unique in the country, as it offers courses in mobile programming and games development. The department has state-of-the-art Cisco equipment through which students get hands-on experience in computer networking, which provides opportunities for various professional certification pathways.</mark> <p></p> Our graduates will be able to take up jobs in: <br> - Systems analysis: System developers, application designers, business analysts, information analysts, management information analysts, system analysts. <br> - Programming: Application developers, games and mobile application developers, software developers, internet application developers. <br> - Database development and management: Business database analysts, database administrators, database managers. <br> - Project management: Information Systems (IS) project leaders.

Cape Peninsula University of Technology - school image
Cape Peninsula University of Technology

The Department of Information Technology offers a wide range of formal qualifications and non-formal courses in IT and related disciplines. The department offers <mark>specialized training in Information Technology in the areas of Applications Development (Software Development), Communication Networks and Multimedia Technology. The department supports a large graduate and postgraduate programme where the research is directed at both community and industry interests.</mark> <p></p> The department also offers a wide range of non-formal courses in collaboration with the IT industry. There are several semi-autonomous business units operating within the department. These units are focused on the professional development of undergraduate and graduate students in delivering research and development services to the community and industry. <p></p> The department continues to provide leadership in curriculum development to especially the University of Technology sector. In this regard the department also has a defining role in the Higher Education ICT Association (HEICTA) and within the Further Education and Training (FET) sector.

IIE Monash South Africa - school image
IIE Monash South Africa

Demand for information technology graduates exceeds supply in most economies – developed and developing. Whether you’re looking to study a wide range of IT modules or specialise in a particular IT niche, the globally relevant and recognised Bachelor of Computer and Information Sciences degree offered at IIE MSA can get you there. <p></p> This IIE bachelor of computer science degree is divided into two focus areas based on the interest of the students; 1. The Business Systems focus area, and 2. The Application Development and Networks focus area. The IIE Bachelor of Computer and Information Sciences will provide candidates with a thorough theoretical grounding and knowledge base in the key principles of Computer and Information Systems. These are the key disciplines that inform the professional practice of Information Technology (IT). <mark>Graduates will be equipped with the practical skills to apply the theory obtained in the degree in enterprises. The design for the computer science degree has been informed by a demand identified in industry for Information Technology specialists and to graduate solution-focused, logical and creative thinkers geared for both South African and international markets.</mark> This computer science degree will also develop graduates’ abilities to design, implement, and manage innovative, integrated IT solutions, and will nurture an understanding of the role IT plays in the information systems and applications in a business environment. Graduates will be able to engage appropriately with management executives and stakeholders in planning and designing corporate solutions. <p></p> IT professionals are found across organisations and enterprises with the current move to online business, connected offices, cloud computing and global trends in the economy. Only when IT professionals understand the relevant technologies and how they fit together can they design, upgrade or implement effective corporate solutions. The success of organisations is dependent on information and communications technology meeting the needs of the business in ways that align with corporate strategy. <p></p> Computer science studies range from non-technical areas, such as organisational needs, to hardware, software, network and multimedia technologies. <mark>Students also learn the development and management skills needed to create and implement computer-based systems. Further skills include advanced programming, system analysis and design, project management software engineering and information and networks depending on the focus area of interest.</mark> <p></p> Students who continue on to the IIE Bachelor of Computer and Information Sciences honours programme will polish their knowledge, preparing them for a more specialised career in the IT industry, further study or research. <p></p> Successful completion of this Information Technology programme leads to an IIE qualification.

University of Zululand - school image
University of Zululand

The Computer Science Department offers 6 double-major BSc programmes with our partner departments.The double-major programmes on offer are Computer Science with Applied Mathematics, Mathematics, Statistics, Physics, Chemistry or Hydrology. The undergraduate Computer Science curriculum comprises major topics such as Programming, Software Engineering, Databases, Data Structure and Networking. <p></p> The Department offers a dedicated undergraduate laboratory where lectures and practical sessions can be held. As a result of our <mark>student’s exposure to industry-relevant topics, our graduates are competitive in the marketplace and ever increasing numbers are involved with mobile application development start-ups.</mark> <p></p> We also offer focused post-graduate programmes with BSc Honours, MSc and PhD in Computer Science. Our postgraduate students are offered 4 workspaces for their research activities. Research in the Department is conducted under the auspices of a Telkom Centre of Excellence. The Centre presently conducts research in the fields of Mobile Computing, Cloud Computing and Wireless Ad hoc Networks.

Tshwane University of Technology - school image
Tshwane University of Technology

The qualifications offered by the department are geared towards the development expertise in the fields of Computer Science and Multimedia Computing. The Computer Science qualification is designed to <mark>equip students with key programming, analysis and design skills that includes back and front-end web development, mobile computing, software engineering and data science in a variety of business, scientific and social contexts.</mark> The Multimedia Computing qualification encompasses the technologies behind the creative industry and adds audio/visual creation expertise to the key programming skills. These skills include 2D/3D graphics and animation, virtual reality, interactive environments and games development. ​<p></p> The emphasis of our qualifications is on the provision of adequate theoretical and practical knowledge in order to implement and recommend solutions to mainstream computer science related problems. Our postgraduate studies are focused on providing tools and techniques to enable quality research in both theoretical and applied computer science.

University of Limpopo - school image
University of Limpopo

Vision - To provide quality computational solutions for communities through teaching and learning, design and development of innovative, secure, novel and cost-effective computer solutions. <p></p> Mission<br> A Learner - centred department that is <mark>responsive to the needs of learners, communities, and the industry through teaching, outreach, and research in emerging state-of-the-art technologies, and collaboration with research and academic institutions.</mark> <p></p> Core Values<br> - Integrity: COSC demands that its members live its vision and mission, and deliver on its promises. COSC is committed to providing accessible, high -quality education programmes. The School’s staff and students pledge to be honest, just, and consistent in word and deed. <br>- Excellence: COSC sets high expectations for students and graduates and demands excellence in teaching and delivery of services. <br> - Social Responsibility: COSC will serve as a resource for stimulus to educational, economic, cultural, and environmental and community development in our region and beyond. COSC strives for students and graduates and demands excellence in teaching and delivery of services. <br> - Partnership: COSC strongly encourages networking and collaboration to promote its teaching and learning, research and community engagement activities at local, national, and international levels.

Nelson Mandela University - school image
Nelson Mandela University

Computing Sciences includes two main fields, Computer Science and Information Systems. Computer Science designates the scientific and mathematical approach in computing. Its subfields include computational problems, computer graphics, programming languages and human- computer interaction. <p></p>Information Systems bridges the computer science field with the business field, and includes topics such as business intelligence, enterprise resource planning and business process modeling. <p></p> The following are some of the available computing careers. There are almost 300 different careers in computing. <br> - Business Analyst - assesses business problems and opportunities and provides computing solutions that make clients more efficient and profitable. <br> - Systems Analyst - responsible for developing technological IT solutions for commercial and public sector organisations; they aim to improve business efficiency and productivity. <br> <mark>- Software Engineer - apply the principles and techniques of computer science, engineering, and mathematical analysis to the design, development, testing and evaluation of the computer systems.</mark> <br> - Computer Programmer - after computer software engineers and systems analysts design software solutions, the programmer converts the designs into computer programs. <br> - Database Developer - designs, implements and modifies databases, which contain, among other things, records of files, such as sales transactions, product catalogues and inventories. <br> - Information Systems Specialist - supports and administers information database systems, analyses problems and issues related to the information system software and other related software.

Durban University of Technology - school image
Durban University of Technology

The center´s goal is to nurture entrepreneurial thinking and action through education, training and business start-up support measures. Our center is open not only for our students but also to alumni, youth, community members and partners who share the same interests with DUT and are interested in establishing a mutually beneficial agreement with DUT. <p></p> Through its innovative strategies, training and mentorship programmes, the Center aims to develop successful and sustainable student and community enterprises. Whether you are in Applied Sciences, Health Sciences, Engineering and the Built Environment, Management Sciences, Arts and Design or Accounting and Informatics field, you are welcome to register and make contact with the Center staff. We will assist you to convert your business idea into a commercially or socially viable product, service or will help you develop your innovative idea further. <p></p> What you can expect from us:<br> - <mark>Coaching, mentoring and supporting entrepreneurs in all stages of their projects</mark>. No matter where you are starting from: We guide you through a structured process step by step. <br> > ENACTUS – International Student Projects <br> > Ideation – Developing and evaluating first innovative ideas <br> > Pre-Incubation – Preparing the foundation of your company <br> > Incubation – Establishing your company <br> > Post-Incubation – Further accompaniment while growing your company <br> - Providing a wide range of <mark>specific training programmes and courses for entrepreneurs</mark> <br> - Supporting obtaining intellectual property (patents) <br> - Providing access to labs and machinery, including laser-cutters, 3-D printers etc. for building and testing prototypes <br> - Arranging business plan competitions <br> - Assisting in writing professional business plans <br> - Arranging participation in worldwide student projects including coaching (ENACTUS) <br> - Nationwide and international networking with other entrepreneurs and business people <br>- Providing funding and financing opportunities for Student Entrepreneurs and access to a network of investors and venture capitalists for all businesses undergoing our incubation programme <br>- Support for innovation and product development and consultation services with relevant Faculty and expertise <p></p> Building Entrepreneurs and Innovators is a priority for South African higher education institutions as aligned to the National Development Plan (NDP) 2030 as well as the Entrepreneurial Development in Higher Education Programme (EDHE) initiated through the Department of Higher Education and Training (DHET) and hosted by Universities South Africa (USAf). This is also aligned with ENVISION 2030 which has two DNA strands that will ensure our people are innovative and entrepreneurial as well as engaged. In terms of supporting innovation and entrepreneurship, the University put a plan in place to establish entrepreneurial support structures and infrastructure in 2018. Part of the process to-date has been building up the basic entrepreneurial programmes and support required to support our students as part of an established University wide incubation programme. This, we believe, will contribute to social economic development and job creation. As part of consolidating our focus and resources we are establishing an “umbrella” Center for Entrepreneurship and Innovation, that is yet to be named that will bring together existing entrepreneurial entities within DUT.

Rhodes University - school image
Rhodes University

The innovations brought about by Information and Communication Technology are radically altering our society by changing the way our economy, educational systems, and social and cultural interactions work. This is particularly relevant to the kinds of activities that graduates encounter in their day-to-day personal and professional lives. <p></p> As this technological innovation progresses, <mark>it will become increasingly important to have a knowledge and an understanding of the nature of information and communication technologies, and how they are changing. Anticipating these changes will enhance the choices you make in your personal and working life. Naturally, the more knowledge you have, the more you will be able to exploit the power of Information and Communication Technology.</mark> <p></p> History <br> Rhodes University acquired its first computer in 1966, one which was housed in the Department of Physics. Computer Science was first introduced as a major subject under the auspices of the Department of Applied Mathematics in 1970 by the late Professor Rolf Braae. In 1972 the first post graduate courses were given. A separate Computer Science Department was established in 1980, but has continued to work in close cooperation with the other Mathematical Sciences Departments, with the Department of Physics and Electronics, and more recently with the Department of Information Systems. <p></p> The Department was originally housed in the upper two levels of a three storey building, Struben, for many years, incorporating several large computer laboratories, academic and post graduate studies, and lecture facilities. However, the department grew tremendously, making new accommodation essential. <p></p> Over several years, a new home for Computer Science and Information Systems was sought, and finally a donation from Dr Robin Hamilton made a new building possible. The building was completed in September 2001 and was officially opened in April 2002 as the Hamilton Building.

Vaal University of Technology (VUT) - school image
Vaal University of Technology (VUT)

VUT Research offers students the opportunity to further their studies and complete a Degree in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) . It consists of a research project by dissertation and allows the student to further their knowledge, enhance their skills and improve their range of possible job opportunities. Students are encouraged to use their newly gained degree and Masters opportunity to better the communities around them. Having a Masters in Information Technology will also show the dedication and passion the student has for this field, as well as their efforts to better the community around them using their skills. The duration of the course is a minimum of two years and maximum of three years part-time study. The curriculum consists of a research project by dissertation.<p></p> After completing a Masters in Information Technology, a graduate may find themselves in any wide variety of computerized environments. <mark>Their responsibilities may include maintenance of systems in use, systems analysis, design or programming of new systems, network administration, database administration and user support. </mark>Computerization is in most facets of modern society today which creates many opportunities for these students. The typical entry-level position is that of a programmer, with a quick advance to a senior level programmer and with further promotions to the level of Systems Analyst, Network Administration or Database Administrator.

University of the Western Cape - school image
University of the Western Cape

Mission And Vision - Our vision is to provide innovative programmes in Computer Science, in order empowering our graduates to advance the quality of life in Africa. <p></p> Our mission is: <br> - To produce leading and visionary computer professionals at the cutting edge of Information and communications technologies (ICTs);<br> - To provide world-class quality and relevant research programmes in ICTs; - To provide academic support for students from under-represented groups and opportunities for Life Long Learning (LLL);<br> - To foster co-operative relationships with industry and educational institutions;<br> - To empower disadvantaged communities through the transfer of ICT skills;<br> - To utilise democratic, transparent and accountable management practices. <p>Goals</p> Our goals are to <mark>produce graduates that will bring vibrant research ideas, products, and skills into the marketplace</mark> with them. Our graduate programme has been progressively revised away from superficial subject treatment to more in-depth training. By establishing prior requisites between modules, we identified a core set of subjects that are taught and emphasised in the undergraduate program. <p></p> We continue to pursue exceptional standards of innovation and excellence. As such, we are to produce <mark>graduates that can develop and advance the computing industry and computing technologies in Africa</mark>; to increase the graduate student component of the department, and to continue to enhance the teaching and research capacity of staff.

University of Pretoria - school image
University of Pretoria

The Department fulfils a vital role within the broader Information Technology spectrum in South Africa, as well as internationally.Our main objective is to explore and research the scientific basis of new technologies. We furthermore promote the proliferation of reliable, robust and innovative computing and information technologies into the IT-industry in South Africa. <p></p> Excellence in computer science education, the development of internationally and nationally recognized research initiatives and strong industry collaboration are the driving factors underpinning the success of the Department of Computer Science. <p></p> The University of Pretoria is unique in administering Information Science, Informatics (Information Systems) and Computer Science from within a single School of Information Technology (SIT). <p></p> This programme includes a significant number of <mark>modules in mathematics, statistics and the natural sciences. these modules strengthen the kind of thinking done when one develops software and enhances problem-solving abilities.</p> It also provides a basis for research in computer science, which often relies on certain level of mathematical skill and maturity. Other than following a research career, graduates follow careers as programmers, system analysts, system architects, consultants, database administrators and network analysts

University of KwaZulu-Natal - school image
University of KwaZulu-Natal

Technological advances dominate our world – all of which are driven by computer technology. As a result, it is one of the fastest growing areas of employment. Computer Science at <mark>UKZN covers both the theoretical and applied areas of the discipline and produces graduates who are able to introduce and develop new computational solutions and technologies.</mark> <p></p> UKZN is establishing a Data Science training initiative, which aims to provide much needed knowledge production and support in Data Science for business and industry. <p></p> The Data Science programme at UKZN is the first and the only programme in South Africa, which offers a Masters, Postgraduate Diploma, Honours and BSc degree in Data Science. The degrees are designed to <mark>produce well-rounded professionals, through partnerships with industry through internships and solving of real problems emanating from business and industry.</mark>

Stellenbosch University - school image
Stellenbosch University

The purpose of the focus area in Data Engineering is to prepare students for the Fourth Industrial Revolution where the work environment has fundamentally changed and there is a flood of data that needs to be structured, modelled and analysed for data-driven organizations, to discover the underlying knowledge. Data Engineering contains all the tasks required to make data available for analysis, knowledge discovery and decision-making processes. The most important task of a data engineer is to develop and maintain an organization's data pipeline systems and implement algorithms to transform data into a usable format for analysis. The tasks of a data engineer include data collection, data storage, data synchronization, data transformation, data cleaning, data management, and data model development. <p></p> <mark>This requires a considerable set of technical skills, including in-depth knowledge of database design and various programming languages. Data engineers are often responsible for building algorithms to provide easier access to structured and unstructured data, but it requires an understanding of the goals of an organization using large datasets.</mark> Data engineers need excellent communication skills to connect with different stakeholders inside and outside the organization to understand what Big Data business leaders want to earn and also to present their findings in a way the audience can easily understand. <p></P> Throughout the degree, the focus area in Data Engineering is built on the foundations of Mathematics, Statistics, Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence. Students develop the engineering skills to create mathematical, physical, and statistical models of real systems, including data systems. After obtaining the qualification, Stellenbosch University's Data Engineers can integrate these areas of knowledge to critically analyse complex systems to come up with innovative solutions to problems. This degree is accredited by the Engineering Council of South Africa and hence, is recognized through the Washington Accord.

University of the Witwatersrand - school image
University of the Witwatersrand

The Information Engineering degree focuses on Software Engineering, Telecommunications, and Computer Networking. <p></p>In the first two years, you will focus on enhancing your capabilities in mathematics, physics, and chemistry. At the beginning of the third year, you can choose to continue with the Electrical Engineering degree or register for the Information Engineering degree. <p></p> In the final year, you will study five complementary courses, including Engineering Design, Engineering Laboratory, and Systems Management. <p></p> You will also choose three elective courses, to specialise in either Electrical or Information Engineering. Engineering Design and Engineering Laboratory are project-based subjects in which you are required to submit a report for examination. <p></p> Career Opportunities:<br> <mark>- Computer Engineer<br> - Information Engineer<br> - Software Developer<br> - Software Engineer<br> - Software Project Manager<br> - Software Systems Architect<br> - Network Engineer<br> - Telecommunications Engineer<br> - Information Technology Consultant</mark>

University of Cape Town - school image
University of Cape Town

The Department of Computer Science is amongst the strongest in the country and home to academic staff who are well regarded both nationally and internationally. The Department plays an important role in local industry and provides services to industries through technology transfer and applied research. The Department of Computer Science is part of the cross-Faculty School of IT <p></p> Staff research interests are broadly focused in the following domains: <mark>Digital Libraries, Network and Information Security, Visual Computing, High-Performance computing and Big Data, and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for Development.</mark> The department maintains links with many IT-based industries within the country, including those in telecommunications, scientific and high-performance computing and visual effects and animation. ICT for Development constitutes an important unifying theme amongst several staff members and this synergy led to the establishment of the Centre for ICT4D, a multi-disciplinary centre supported by several international corporations. <p></p> The department produces <mark>high quality graduates with knowledge and skills relevant to the international and South African technology communities</mark>. A capstone Honours degree in Computer Science, accredited by the British Computer Society, provides graduates with opportunities in stimulating and well-paid careers both locally and abroad.

University of South Africa - school image
University of South Africa

The School of Computing offers various programmes ranging from undergraduate to doctoral level. In addition, the Centre for Software Engineering (CENSE) offers a number of specialised short learning programmes. Whatever your stage of education, we have the expertise to take you to the top. We have established ourselves, and gained a reputation as a leader in Computing. <p></p> Successful learners should have: A systematic and coherent body of knowledge. <mark>An understanding of underlying concepts and principles of computing and the ability to apply this in the workplace.</mark> A high level of cognitive and other generic skills including problem-solving, written and spoken communication. The ability to access and evaluate scientific information; competence in applying knowledge through basic research methods and practice. Specific skills and applied competence leading to continued personal intellectual growth, gainful economic activity and valuable contributions to society in science and technology.